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A Guide to Cargo Aircraft Only Dangerous Goods: What You Need to Know and Where to Find PDF Documents


- Regulations and requirements for CAO shipments - Benefits and challenges of CAO transport H2: How to download CAO pdf documents? - Sources and links for CAO pdf documents - Types and contents of CAO pdf documents - Tips and tricks for using CAO pdf documents H3: What are the best practices for CAO transport? - Packing and labeling CAO dangerous goods - Choosing and booking CAO flights - Handling and loading CAO cargo H4: What are the future trends and developments for CAO transport? - Technological innovations and solutions for CAO transport - Environmental and social impacts of CAO transport - Market opportunities and challenges for CAO transport Article with HTML formatting What is Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO)?




If you are involved in the transport of dangerous goods by air, you may have come across the term Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO). But what does it mean and why is it important? In this article, we will explain everything you need to know about CAO, including its definition, examples, regulations, requirements, benefits and challenges.




Cargo Aircraft Only Pdf Download



Definition and examples of CAO dangerous goods




Cargo Aircraft Only (CAO) is a label that indicates that a package or overpack containing dangerous goods can only be transported on a cargo aircraft, not on a passenger aircraft. This is because the dangerous goods pose a higher risk to passengers, crew or aircraft than those allowed on passenger aircraft.


Some examples of CAO dangerous goods are:



  • Explosives (Class 1)



  • Flammable gases (Class 2.1)



  • Toxic gases (Class 2.3)



  • Infectious substances (Class 6.2)



  • Radiation sources (Class 7)



  • Lithium batteries (Class 9)



These are not exhaustive lists, but rather some common examples. You can find the complete list of CAO dangerous goods in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR), which is the global standard for the transport of dangerous goods by air.


Regulations and requirements for CAO shipments




The transport of CAO dangerous goods by air is subject to strict regulations and requirements to ensure safety and security. Some of these are:



  • The package or overpack must be marked with a red-and-white "Cargo Aircraft Only" label.



  • The package or overpack must be accompanied by a Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods (DGD), which contains information such as the UN number, proper shipping name, class, packing group, quantity and emergency contact.



  • The package or overpack must be loaded in a Class C cargo compartment, which is equipped with fire detection and suppression systems.



  • The package or overpack must be accessible to a crew member or other authorized person in flight, who can see, handle and separate it from other cargo if necessary.



  • The package or overpack must comply with the packing instructions and performance tests specified in the IATA DGR.



These are not exhaustive lists, but rather some common requirements. You can find the complete details of the regulations and requirements for CAO shipments in the IATA DGR.


Benefits and challenges of CAO transport




The transport of CAO dangerous goods by air has some benefits and challenges that you should be aware of. Some of these are:



  • The benefit of CAO transport is that it allows the shipment of dangerous goods that would otherwise be prohibited or restricted on passenger aircraft. This can increase the efficiency, speed and flexibility of transporting such goods.



  • The challenge of CAO transport is that it requires more planning, preparation and coordination than transporting non-CAO dangerous goods. This can increase the cost, complexity and risk of transporting such goods.



These are not exhaustive lists, but rather some common benefits and challenges. You should weigh the pros and cons of CAO transport before deciding whether it is suitable for your needs.


How to download CAO pdf documents?




If you are looking for CAO pdf documents, you may be wondering where to find them and how to use them. In this section, we will provide you with some sources and links for CAO pdf documents, as well as some types and contents of CAO pdf documents, and some tips and tricks for using them.


Sources and links for CAO pdf documents




One of the main sources for CAO pdf documents is the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which is the trade association of the world's airlines. IATA publishes the Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR), which is the global standard for the transport of dangerous goods by air. The DGR contains all the information you need to know about CAO transport, such as the list of CAO dangerous goods, the packing instructions, the labeling requirements, the documentation requirements, and more.


You can download the DGR in pdf format from the IATA website. The latest edition of the DGR is the 63rd edition, which is valid from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2022. You can also download previous editions of the DGR from the same website.


Another source for CAO pdf documents is the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which is a specialized agency of the United Nations that sets standards and regulations for international civil aviation. ICAO publishes the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (TI), which is the legal framework for the transport of dangerous goods by air. The TI contains similar information to the DGR, but with more technical details and less guidance.


You can download the TI in pdf format from the ICAO website. The latest edition of the TI is the 2021-2022 edition, which is valid from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2022. You can also download previous editions of the TI from the same website.


Types and contents of CAO pdf documents




Some of the types and contents of CAO pdf documents that you may encounter are:



  • The Cargo Aircraft Only label, which is a red-and-white label that must be affixed to a package or overpack containing CAO dangerous goods. You can download a template of the label from the IATA website.



  • The Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods (DGD), which is a document that must accompany a package or overpack containing CAO dangerous goods. It contains information such as the UN number, proper shipping name, class, packing group, quantity and emergency contact. You can download a template of the DGD from the IATA website.



  • The Packing Instruction (PI), which is a document that specifies how to pack a package or overpack containing CAO dangerous goods. It contains information such as the authorized packaging materials, maximum net quantity per package or overpack, additional requirements and variations. You can find the PI in the IATA DGR or the ICAO TI.



  • The Acceptance Checklist, which is a document that helps to verify whether a package or overpack containing CAO dangerous goods meets all the requirements for transport by air. It contains information such as the marking, labeling, documentation, packaging and compatibility checks. You can download an example of an acceptance checklist from the IATA website.



Tips and tricks for using CAO pdf documents




Some of the tips and tricks for using CAO pdf documents are:



  • Always use the latest edition of the CAO pdf documents, as they may change from year to year due to new regulations or amendments.



  • Always check for any state or operator variations that may apply to your CAO shipment, as they may differ from or supplement the general requirements in the CAO pdf documents.



  • Always print out and fill in the CAO pdf documents clearly and legibly, using a typewriter or computer if possible.



  • Always keep copies of all your CAO pdf documents for at least three months after your shipment has been completed.



What are the best practices for CAO transport?




Article with HTML formatting (continued) Packing and labeling CAO dangerous goods




One of the best practices for packing and labeling CAO dangerous goods is to follow the packing instructions and performance tests specified in the IATA DGR or the ICAO TI. These instructions and tests ensure that the packages or overpacks containing CAO dangerous goods are strong enough to withstand the normal conditions of transport by air, such as changes in temperature, pressure, humidity and vibration.


Another best practice for packing and labeling CAO dangerous goods is to use only authorized packaging materials and components, such as inner packagings, outer packagings, cushioning materials, absorbent materials, closures and seals. These materials and components must meet the quality standards and specifications indicated in the packing instructions.


A third best practice for packing and labeling CAO dangerous goods is to mark and label the packages or overpacks clearly and correctly, according to the requirements in the IATA DGR or the ICAO TI. The marking and labeling must include information such as the UN number, proper shipping name, class, packing group, net quantity, orientation arrows, hazard labels and handling labels. The marking and labeling must be durable, legible and visible on at least one side of the package or overpack.


Choosing and booking CAO flights




One of the best practices for choosing and booking CAO flights is to plan ahead and book your shipment as early as possible. This will help you secure a space on a suitable cargo aircraft that can accommodate your CAO dangerous goods. It will also help you avoid any last-minute changes or cancellations that may affect your shipment.


Another best practice for choosing and booking CAO flights is to consult with your freight forwarder or airline representative about the availability, schedule and cost of CAO flights. They can advise you on the best options for your CAO shipment, taking into account factors such as the origin, destination, transit points, weight, dimensions and nature of your CAO dangerous goods.


A third best practice for choosing and booking CAO flights is to provide accurate and complete information about your CAO shipment to your freight forwarder or airline representative. This will help them process your booking faster and more efficiently. It will also help them prepare the necessary documentation and arrangements for your CAO shipment.


Handling and loading CAO cargo




One of the best practices for handling and loading CAO cargo is to follow the safety and security procedures established by your freight forwarder or airline representative. These procedures may include inspecting, verifying, segregating, securing and tracking your CAO cargo throughout the transport process.


Another best practice for handling and loading CAO cargo is to use appropriate equipment and tools for moving, lifting and loading your CAO cargo. These equipment and tools may include pallets, containers, dollies, forklifts, cranes and straps. They must be compatible with your CAO cargo and the cargo aircraft.


A third best practice for handling and loading CAO cargo is to load your CAO cargo in a Class C cargo compartment, which is equipped with fire detection and suppression systems. You must also ensure that your CAO cargo is accessible to a crew member or other authorized person in flight, who can see, handle and separate it from other cargo if necessary.


What are the future trends and developments for CAO transport?